Here we break down the reasons why ingredient groups have been put into a restriction list and what more you can educate yourself with to be fully informed in ingredient selection. We created this Glossary for you to understand some of the terms below. Get started with the Glossary.

Preservatives:
This is carried over from concern for preservatives in food and the health risks in ingesting such ingredients, and the notion that preserved foods are less healthy than whole foods. Preservatives are also a victim of grouping an entire category together as harmful, when just a few have negative effects.

Formaldehyde Donors:
Why “No-No”-:
Carcinogen
Causes irritation

Parabens
Why “No-No”:
Endocrine Disruptor & Reproductive/Developmental concerns
Bio-accumulation

Alternative Knowledge: Parabens are among the least-sensitizing preservatives available. But if you would rather not use Parabens, not all preservatives contain formaldehyde or parabens. Here are some of our suggestions

Safe Preservatives:
Plantservative

 

 

Mineral Oils (3P’s Petrolatum, Petroleum, Paraffin)
Why “No-No”:
Known occlusive agent – clogging pore and causing skin irritation
Petrochemical, linked to petroleum and the notion it ages skin
Unsustainable sourcing and possible PAH contamination (PAH linked to cancer)
Confusion between grades used in industrial processing and the refined and purified versions found in skin and OTC/Pharmaceutical applications

Alternative Knowledge: Once it’s purified to become mineral oil USP it has no resemblance to the original petroleum and isn’t a source of contaminants. Considered the safest, most non-sensitizing moisturizing ingredients, and is also non comedogenic, meaning it does not clog pores.

 

Silicones
Why “No-No”:
Eco-toxicity, aquatic
Endocrine Disruptor & Reproductive/Developmental concerns (D4, D5, D6)
Harder to wash off and clogs pores
Coats hair creating build-up and making hair dull and dry

Alternative Knowledge: Silicone is not comedogenic and too large to clog pores it does create a breathable layer, preventing water loss in both skin and hair. Aids in the delivery of active ingredients like antioxidants.

Safe versions:
Alternative Options for “silicone-free”:

 Cetiol Ultimate 

Cetiol C5 

Floramac 10

Phthalates
Why “No-No”:
Listed with EU as Endocrine Disruptor of high concern
Reproductive/Developmental concerns (congenital disorders)
Carcinogen
Unlisted as it is within the fragrance or parfum
Eco-toxicity

Formulate with ingredients that deliver a natural scent, or fragrance-free.

Ethoxylated Ingredients:
Why “No-No”:
Petrochemical
Synthetically produced using Ethylene Oxide
Carcinogen
Developmental concerns
Damages the nervous system
1,4 Dioxane often found in EO ingredients but not on labels (In a study of personal care products marketed as “natural” or “organic” (uncertified), U.S. researchers found 1,4-dioxane as a contaminant in 46 of 100 products analyzed.) Also
Bio-accumulation

PEG’s
Why “No-No”:
Can be absorbed into the skin as it helps the absorption of other ingredients to the skin

Alternative Knowledge: PEGs with a molecular weight of 200 to over 10,000 are considered harmless.

Safe versions:
Alternative Options for “PEG-free”:
Olivem 1000 – oil in water emulsifier derived from olives.

Sulfates
Why “No-No”:
SLES, ALS are ethoxylated
Said to cause irritation and dryness as it removes oil and does not discern from bad oil and the good oil your skin needs to keep to stay moisturized.
Concern over eco-toxicity because of frequent/daily use of vast products containing them.

Alternative Knowledge: Not all sulfates are created equal, and the amounts of sulfates contained in most formulations are safe and gentle enough to use, many from natural resources with mild attributes.

Safe versions:
Alternative Options for “sulfate-free”:

Dehyton PK 45

Plantaren 1200 N UP